Chelating Polymer-Coated Separators with a BaTiOFiller to Improve Reversibility and Round-Trip Efficiency of a 3.3 v Copper-Lithium Battery

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47449-47457
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number40
Online published1 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2021

Abstract

A novel 3.3 V copper-lithium battery using a copper foil as the cathode is a potential candidate for next-generation energy storage system due to its simple manufacturing process. However, the cross-over of copper ions from the cathode to the anode limits the reversibility of the battery. Herein, we suppress self-discharge and migration of copper ions in the cell using a commercial polypropylene separator with a coating of polyacrylic acid (PAA), a chelating polymer. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirms that the PAA layer traps the copper ions and prevents them from passing through. The addition of barium titanate nanoparticles into the PAA layer further enhances ionic transfer through the separator and reduces polarization of the cell at high current rates during charge and discharge. The use of a chelating agent with an inorganic filler as a coating layer on the separator is a cost-effective way to improve reversibility and round-trip efficiency of copper-lithium batteries.

Research Area(s)

  • chelating agent, copper cathode, inorganic filler, metal-metal battery, separator coating

Citation Format(s)

Chelating Polymer-Coated Separators with a BaTiOFiller to Improve Reversibility and Round-Trip Efficiency of a 3.3 v Copper-Lithium Battery. / Xue, Kaiming; Wang, Huimin; Lee, Pui-Kit; Dong, Shuyu; Yu, Denis Y. W.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 13, No. 40, 13.10.2021, p. 47449-47457.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review