Characterization of different heat mitigation strategies in landscape to fight against heat island and improve thermal comfort in hot-humid climate (Part II) : Evaluation and characterization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-850
Journal / PublicationSustainable Cities and Society
Online published5 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017



This is Part II of the study, aiming at analyzing and characterizing the cooling potentials of heat mitigation strategy (HMS) in landscape from both combating urban heat island (UHI) and alleviating human heat stress, in terms of air temperature reduction ΔTa and Physiological Equivalent Temperature reduction ΔPET respectively. Here, different HMSs for landscape design were investigated, including vegetation (Green-HMS), high albedo pavement (Grey-HMS), water body (Blue-HMS) and hybrid of trees and landscaping surface (Hybrid-HMS). Parametric study was conducted with a validated urban open space model developed from ENVI-met V4. Through ΔTa and ΔPET, the cooling benefits of each HMS were evaluated with the area coverage ratio RHMS and the corresponding parameters. Generally, larger RMHS would have both higher ΔTa and ΔPET in various HMSs, except Grey-HMS. Hybrid-HMS demonstrates the greatest heat mitigation potentials, followed by Green-HMS, Blue-HMS and Grey-HMS. Hybrid-HMS has further cooling benefits compared to the landscape design with singular HMS. For Grey-HMS or Blue-HMS, its heat mitigation potential evaluated by ΔTa is different from that by ΔPET, so both aspects should be considered in landscape design. Consequently, characterization charts of different HMSs are established, which would help the urban design practitioners create comfortable open spaces in hot-humid climate.

Research Area(s)

  • Heat mitigation strategy , Hot and humid climate, Landscape design , Outdoor thermal comfort, Urban heat island, Urban open space model

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