Characteristics of air exchange in a street canyon with ground heating

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6396-6409
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume40
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of solar radiation (in the form of ground-level heating) on the air exchange rate (AER) of an idealized street canyon using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) technique. A two-dimensional numerical model based on Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations equipped with the standard, Renormalization Group (RNG), and realizable k-ε turbulence models was developed using the commercial CFD code FLUENT. The newly developed numerical model was validated by published wind tunnel results with buoyancy force. It was found that different k-ε turbulence models yielded comparable simulation results. The sensitivity tests based on a street canyon of unity aspect ratio showed that the existence of buoyancy force markedly affected its airflow structure and AER, particularly under calm wind condition. The AER induced by vertical velocity fluctuation AERw″ is larger than that induced by mean vertical velocity AERw. Their difference decreased with increasing the dimensionless parameter Gr/Re2. The functional relationship between total AER and Gr/Re2 could be expressed in the form of a second-order polynomial. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Air exchange rate (AER), Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling, Ground-level heating, k-ε turbulence models

Citation Format(s)

Characteristics of air exchange in a street canyon with ground heating. / Xie, Xiaomin; Liu, Chun-Ho; Leung, Dennis Y.C.; Leung, Michael K.H.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 40, No. 33, 10.2006, p. 6396-6409.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review