Cell Cycle Control of Nanoplastics Internalization in Phytoplankton

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12237–12248
Journal / PublicationACS Nano
Volume15
Issue number7
Online published22 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2021

Abstract

Nanoparticles (NPs) for delivering chemotherapeutic drugs are now in clinical trials, and cellular uptake of NPs plays an important role in determining the drug delivery efficiency. Herein, we reported that the bioaccumulation and internalization of NPs were governed by the cell cycle. Specifically, we found that the bioaccumulation of NPs was more favored in the G2/M stages, followed by the S and G0/G1 stages. We demonstrated that three key parameters - clathrin-mediated endocytosis capacity, algal cell membrane permeability, and exopolymer substance (EPS) thickness - were critical in the bioaccumulation of NPs during the cell cycling process. Over the 24-h average duration of cell cycle, clathrin-mediated endocytosis capacity was much higher at the S stage than that at the G0/G1 and G2/M stages. Besides, cell membrane permeability was measured to be higher in S and G2/M stages while the lowest in G0/G1 stage. We have also identified the change of EPS thickness during the 24-h cell cycle. Transition from G0/G1 to S and G2/M induced the attenuation in EPS thickness, and the thinnest EPS was found at the end of mitosis. The cell cycle control NPs internalization were further verified by exposing Ag nanoparticles to algae at different cell cycle stages, confirming the important roles of EPS thickness and cell cycle control in the dynamic internalization processes. The present study highlights the important roles of cell cycle controlling the NPs bioaccumulation and internalization, with possible implications in maximizing NPs internalization efficiency while reducing the cost.

Research Area(s)

  • algae, cell cycle, endocytosis, exopolymers, membrane permeability, nanoparticles, nanoplastics

Citation Format(s)

Cell Cycle Control of Nanoplastics Internalization in Phytoplankton. / Yan, Neng; Tang, Ben Zhong; Wang, Wen-Xiong.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 15, No. 7, 27.07.2021, p. 12237–12248.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review