Cation effects on rotational dynamics of anions and water molecules in alkali (Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+) thiocyanate (SCN-) aqueous solutions

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hongtao Bian
  • Hailong Chen
  • Qiang Zhang
  • Jiebo Li
  • Wei Zhuang
  • Junrong Zheng

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7972-7984
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume117
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Waiting time dependent rotational anisotropies of SCN- anions and water molecules in alkali thiocyanate (XSCN, X = Li, Na, K, Cs) aqueous solutions at various concentrations were measured with ultrafast infrared spectroscopy. It was found that cations can significantly affect the reorientational motions of both water molecules and SCN- anions. The dynamics are slower in a solution with a smaller cation. The reorientational time constants follow the order of Li+ > Na+ > K+ ≠Cs+. The changes of rotational time constants of SCN- at various concentrations scale almost linearly with the changes of solution viscosity, but those of water molecules do not. In addition, the concentration-dependent amplitudes of dynamical changes are much more significant in the Li+ and Na+ solutions than those in the K+ and Cs+ solutions. Further investigations on the systems with the ultrafast vibrational energy exchange method and molecular dynamics simulations provide an explanation for the observations: the observed rotational dynamics are the balanced results of ion clustering and cation/anion/water direct interactions. In all the solutions at high concentrations (>5 M), substantial amounts of ions form clusters. The structural inhomogeneity in the solutions leads to distinct rotational dynamics of water and anions. The strong interactions of Li+ and Na + because of their relatively large charge densities with water molecules and SCN- anions, in addition to the likely geometric confinements because of ion clustering, substantially slow down the rotations of SCN- anions and water molecules inside the ion clusters. The interactions of K+ and Cs+ with water or SCN- are much weaker. The rotations of water molecules inside ion clusters of K + and Cs+ solutions are not significantly different from those of other water species so that the experimentally observed rotational relaxation dynamics are only slightly affected by the ion concentrations. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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Citation Format(s)

Cation effects on rotational dynamics of anions and water molecules in alkali (Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+) thiocyanate (SCN-) aqueous solutions. / Bian, Hongtao; Chen, Hailong; Zhang, Qiang; Li, Jiebo; Wen, Xiewen; Zhuang, Wei; Zheng, Junrong.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 117, No. 26, 03.07.2013, p. 7972-7984.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review