Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics in the DFT + U formalism : Structure and energetics of solvated ferrous and ferric ions

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

17 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Journal / PublicationJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes


We implemented a rotationally-invariant Hubbard U extension to density-functional theory in the Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics framework, with the goal of bringing the accuracy of the DFT + U approach to finite-temperature simulations, especially for liquids or solids containing transition-metal ions. First, we studied the effects on the Hubbard U on the static equilibrium structure of the hexa-aqua ferrous and ferric ions, and the inner-sphere reorganization energy for the electron-transfer reaction between aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. It is found that the reorganization energy is increased, mostly as a result of the Fe-O distance elongation in the hexa-aqua ferrous ion. Second, we performed a first-principles molecular dynamics study of the solvation structure of the two aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. The Hubbard term is found to change the Fe-O radial distribution function for the ferrous ion, while having a negligible effect on the aqueous ferric ion. Moreover, the frequencies of vibrations between Fe and oxygen atoms in the first-solvation shell are shown to be unaffected by the Hubbard corrections for both ferrous and ferric ions. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Ab initio, Aqueous transition-metal ions, Correlated electrons, Electron transfer

Citation Format(s)