Carbazole-Equipped Metal-Organic Framework for Stability, Photocatalysis, and Fluorescence Detection

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations


  • Jieying Hu
  • Jialin Cao
  • Jun He
  • Zhengtao Xu

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14352-14360
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Issue number36
Online published26 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2022


The useful yet underutilized backfolded design is invoked here for functionalizing porous solids with the versatile carbazole function. Specifically, we attach carbazole groups as backfolded side arms onto the backbone of a linear dicarboxyl linker molecule. The bulky carbazole side arms point away from the carboxyl links and do not disrupt the Zr-carboxyl framework formation; namely, the resultant MOF solid ZrL1 features the same net as that of the unfunctionalized dicarboxyl linker, also known as the PCN-111 net or UiO-66 net. The ZrL1 structure features only half linker occupancy (about 6 out of the 12 linkers around the Zr6O8cluster being missing) and partially collapses upon activation (acetone exchange and evacuation). Notably, the stability improves after heating in diphenyl oxide at 260 °C (POP-260 treatment; to form ZrL1-260), as indicated by the higher crystallinity and surface area of the activated ZrL1-260 sample. The ZrL1-260 samples achieve 72% yield in photocatalyzing reductive dehalogenation of phenacyl bromide; ZrL1 can detect nitro-aromatic compounds via fluorescence quenching, with selectivity and sensitivity toward 4-nitroaniline, featuring a limit of detection of 96 ppb.