Carbapenem Resistance-Encoding and Virulence-Encoding Conjugative Plasmids in Klebsiella pneumoniae

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

1 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationTrends in Microbiology
Online published21 May 2020
Publication statusOnline published - 21 May 2020

Abstract

Klebsiella pneumoniae has an exceptional ability to acquire exogenous resistance-encoding and hypervirulence-encoding genetic elements. In this review we trace the key evolutionary routes of plasmids involved in the dissemination of such elements; we observed diverse, but convergent, evolutionary paths that eventually led to the emergence of conjugative plasmids which simultaneously encode carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence. One important evolutionary feature of these plasmids is that they contain a wide range of transposable elements that enable them to undergo frequent genetic transposition, resulting in plasmid fusion and presumably better adaptation of the plasmid to the bacterial host. Identifying the key molecular markers of resistance and virulence-bearing conjugative plasmids allows improved tracking and control of the life-threatening carbapenem-resistant and hypervirulent strains of K. pneumoniae.

Research Area(s)

  • blaKPC-bearing plasmid, conjugative, hypervirulence plasmid, Klebsiella pneumoniae, transmission