BW media - Media with negative parameters, capable of supporting backward waves

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-133
Journal / PublicationMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2001


Both isotropic and uniaxially anisotropic media capable of supporting backward waves are reviewed. Such an effect recently has been of great interest, and certain man-made composite media have been introduced under the names "media with negative refraction factor" or "left-handed materials," effective in a certain band of microwaves. Neither of these names appears to be well founded, and "backward-wave medium" (or BW medium) is suggested instead. It is shown that, at an interface of a regular and a BW medium, Snell's law does not imply a negative refraction factor. However, the refraction is anomalous in the sense that the transmitted plane wave is a backward wave with a Poynting vector and a wave vector pointing in opposite lateral directions. The significance of the Zenneck wave and guided modes in a cylindrical guide made of BW medium is discussed. Finally, the BW property is extended to uniaxially anisotropic media, and its occurrence is studied for different value combinations of its medium parameters. It is shown that a lateral backward wave can arise when a plane ware is transmitted through an interface when one of the four parameters of the uniaxial medium is negative. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Microwave Opt Technol Lett.

Research Area(s)

  • Backward waves, Electromagnetic theory, Plane waves, Refraction