Bridging systems theory and data science : A unifying review of dynamic latent variable analytics and process monitoring

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-48
Journal / PublicationAnnual Reviews in Control
Online published16 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


This paper is concerned with data science and analytics as applied to data from dynamic systems for the purpose of monitoring, prediction, and inference. Collinearity is inevitable in industrial operation data. Therefore, we focus on latent variable methods that achieve dimension reduction and collinearity removal. We present a new dimension reduction expression of state space framework to unify dynamic latent variable analytics for process data, dynamic factor models for econometrics, subspace identification of multivariate dynamic systems, and machine learning algorithms for dynamic feature analysis. We unify or differentiate them in terms of model structure, objectives with constraints, and parsimony of parameterization. The Kalman filter theory in the latent space is used to give a system theory foundation to some empirical treatments in data analytics. We provide a unifying review of the connections among the dynamic latent variable methods, dynamic factor models, subspace identification methods, dynamic feature extractions, and their uses for prediction and process monitoring. Both unsupervised dynamic latent variable analytics and the supervised counterparts are reviewed. Illustrative examples are presented to show the similarities and differences among the analytics in extracting features for prediction and monitoring.

Research Area(s)

  • Data science, Kalman filtering, Latent variable analytics, Machine learning, Multivariate time series, Process data analytics