Breastfeeding restored the gut microbiota in caesarean section infants and lowered the infection risk in early life

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Cheng Guo
  • Muxia Li
  • Letian Zhou
  • Lei Xu
  • Ying Zhang
  • Dongfang Li
  • Ye Wang
  • Wenkui Dai
  • Lin Zhang

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number532
Journal / PublicationBMC Pediatrics
Volume20
Online published25 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Background: The initialization of the neonatal gut microbiota (GM) is affected by diverse factors and is associated with infant development and health outcomes. 
Methods: In this study, we collected 207 faecal samples from 41 infants at 6 time points (1, 3, and 7 days and 1, 3, and 6 months after birth). The infants were assigned to four groups according to delivery mode (caesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery (VD)) and feeding pattern (breastfeeding or formula milk). 
Results: The meconium bacterial diversity was slightly higher in CS than in VD. Three GM patterns were identified, including Escherichia/Shigella-Streptococcus-dominated, Bifidobacterium-Escherichia/Shigella-dominated and Bifidobacterium-dominated patterns, and they gradually changed over time. In CS infants, Bifidobacterium was less abundant, and the delay in GM establishment could be partially restored by breastfeeding. The frequency of respiratory tract infection and diarrhoea consequently decreased. 
Conclusion: This study fills some gaps in the understanding of the restoration of the GM in CS towards that in VD.

Research Area(s)

  • Delivery mode, Early life, Feed pattern, Gut microbiota, Meconium

Citation Format(s)

Breastfeeding restored the gut microbiota in caesarean section infants and lowered the infection risk in early life. / Guo, Cheng; Zhou, Qian; Li, Muxia; Zhou, Letian; Xu, Lei; Zhang, Ying; Li, Dongfang; Wang, Ye; Dai, Wenkui; Li, Shuaicheng; Zhang, Lin.

In: BMC Pediatrics, Vol. 20, 532, 2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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