BOLD responses in the superior colliculus and lateral geniculate nucleus of the rat viewing an apparent motion stimulus

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

26 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Jevin W. Zhang
  • Kyle K. Xing
  • Iris Y. Zhou
  • Matthew M. Cheung
  • Kevin C. Chan
  • Ed X. Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-884
Journal / PublicationNeuroImage
Volume58
Issue number3
Online published29 Jun 2011
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In rats, the superior colliculus (SC) is a main destination for retinal ganglion cells and is an important subcortical structure for vision. Electrophysiology studies have observed that many SC neurons are highly sensitive to moving objects, but complementary non-invasive functional imaging studies with larger fields of view have been rarely conducted. In this study, BOLD fMRI is used to measure the SC and nearby lateral geniculate nucleus' (LGN) hemodynamic responses, in normal adult Sprague Dawley (SD) rats, during a dynamic visual stimulus similar to those used in long-range apparent motion studies. The stimulation paradigm consists of four light spots arranged in a linear array and turned on and off sequentially at different rates to create five effective speeds of motion (7, 14, 41, 82, and 164°/s across the visual field). Stationary periods (same light spot always on) are interleaved between the moving periods. The speed response function (SRF), the hemodynamic response amplitude at each speed tested, is measured. Significant responses are observed in the SC and LGN at all speeds. In the SC, the SRF increases monotonically from 7 to 82°/s. The minimum response amplitude occurs at 164°/s. The results suggest that the SC is sensitive to slow moving visual stimuli but the hemodynamic response is reduced at higher speeds. In the LGN, the SRF exhibits a similar trend to that of the SC, but response amplitude during 7°/s stimulation is comparable to that during 164°/s stimulation. These findings are in good agreement with previous electrophysiology studies conducted on albino rats like the SD strain. This work represents the first fMRI study of stimulus speed dependence in the SC and is also the first fMRI study of motion responsiveness in the rat.

Research Area(s)

  • BOLD, FMRI, Lateral geniculate nucleus, Motion, Rat, Superior colliculus

Citation Format(s)

BOLD responses in the superior colliculus and lateral geniculate nucleus of the rat viewing an apparent motion stimulus. / Lau, Condon; Zhang, Jevin W.; Xing, Kyle K.; Zhou, Iris Y.; Cheung, Matthew M.; Chan, Kevin C.; Wu, Ed X.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 58, No. 3, 01.10.2011, p. 878-884.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review