Blockchain-enabled dynamic grapevoltaic farms for selected wine risk regions on a global level and the potential opportunities for symbiotic industrial networks

Research output: Conference Papers (RGC: 31A, 31B, 32, 33)Abstractpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Conference

Title6th AIEE Energy Symposium Current and Future Challenges to Energy Security
LocationOnline
PlaceItaly
CityMilan
Period14 - 17 December 2021

Abstract

Overview
In the quest for solutions to enhance energy and food security, our immediate goal is to promote sustainable and resilient energy supplies and build adaptive capacity resilient infrastructure for crop production. Here, we considered grape crops for food, feed, and fibre and solar photovoltaics for energy as a representative case. Both grape and solar photovoltaics have more or less similar lifetimes (i.e., 25 years), experience many uncertainties and are proven victims of climate risks. The European-Australian wine risk project also suggested that globally, multiple locations are experiencing these climate risks (see left-hand side Figure). Given the risk urgency, we proposed a novel Agrivoltaic concept called Dynamic Grapevoltaics where the Vitis vinifera cultivation is done under the solar panels, thus allowing the co-production of grapes and solar electricity. Additionally, the dynamic operation of solar panels provides an adaptive capacity resilient infrastructure for crop and auxiliary infrastructure that can be used to promote the resilient operation of solar.

Data Collection and Methods
A preliminary global survey is done on identifying the grape cultivation locations. Out of the list obtained from the survey, only a few selected regions were identified by applying the climate risk classification as proposed in the ongoing European-Australian wine risk project. The proposed dynamic grapevoltaic farms conceptual model is developed per the selected wine risk regions, followed by the multifunctional viability demonstration and a techno-economic and environmental sustainability analysis using mixed methods approaches. The proposed mixed-method approach is RePLiCATE that combines Resilience Performance, Life Cycle Analysis and Techno-Economics (Kumar, 2021). Based on the outcomes obtained and literature support, potential opportunities for symbiotic industrial networks are explored.

Results and Conclusions
The applied RePLiCATE approach gave clear insights on the role of this newly proposed system in promoting sustainable grape farming and solar energy productions. The results include the energy potential, grape crop yields, revenues from grape crop and solar electricity, and carbon dioxide emissions associated with electricity and grape crop. The revenues to both solar photovoltaics operators and grape farm owners considering the capital and operational investments revealed financial viability. The lifecycle-based environmental sustainability results suggest that the proposed farm can harvest solar energy with reduced carbon dioxide emissions and proved that the agriculturally generated global warming potentials and other impacts are lower. Also, the dynamic operation of the photovoltaic arrays provided resilience support to the grape farmer during the climate risks and harvested rainwater. At the same time, this co-existence made the solar photovoltaic operators free from land-use conflicts. Overall, this concept was feasible and opened up new synergies like wine production, raisin production, grape-derived food processing industries, grape seed oil, grape pulp processing, grape-derived pharma products and others.

Research Area(s)

  • Circular economy, Circular business models, Smart contracts, Blockchain, Internet of Things, shared platforms, shared economy, GrapeNet, Distributed Ledger Technology, Dynamic Grapevoltaics Farms, Climate Resilience, land footprint, Food-energy-water-waste nexus, Food-energy-water nexus, carbon emissions, Wine grapes, Table grapes, Grapes production, Agrivoltaics

Bibliographic Note

Information for this record is supplemented by the author(s) concerned.

Citation Format(s)

Blockchain-enabled dynamic grapevoltaic farms for selected wine risk regions on a global level and the potential opportunities for symbiotic industrial networks. / Nallapaneni, Manoj Kumar; Chopra, Shauhrat S.

2021. Abstract from 6th AIEE Energy Symposium Current and Future Challenges to Energy Security, Milan, Italy.

Research output: Conference Papers (RGC: 31A, 31B, 32, 33)Abstractpeer-review