BiVO4 {010} and {110} Relative Exposure Extent : Governing Factor of Surface Charge Population and Photocatalytic Activity

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1400-1405
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number7
Online published23 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


The {010} and {110} crystal facets of monoclinic bismuth vanadate (m-BiVO4) has been demonstrated to be the active reduction and oxidation sites, respectively. Here, we show using dual-faceted m-BiVO4 with distinctly different dominant exposed facets, one which is {010}-dominant and the other {110}-dominant, contrary to prediction, the former m-BiVO4 exhibits superior photooxidation activities. The population of photogenerated electrons and holes on the surface are revealed to be proportional to the respective surface areas of {010} and {110} exposed on m-BiVO4, as evidenced by steady-state photoluminescence (PL) measurements in the presence of charge scavengers. The better photoactivity of {010}-dominant m-BiVO4 is attributed to prompt electron transfer facilitated by the presence of more photogenerated electrons on the larger {010} surface. Additionally, the greater extent of electron trapping in {110}-dominant m-BiVO4 also deteriorates its photoactivity by inducing electron-hole pair recombination.

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