Biotransformation of Organophosphate Esters by Rice and Rhizosphere Microbiome : Multiple Metabolic Pathways, Mechanism, and Toxicity Assessment

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

8 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Yuanyuan Yu
  • Xiaolong Yu
  • Dongqing Zhang
  • Ling Jin
  • Jiahui Huang
  • And 4 others
  • Xifen Zhu
  • Jianteng Sun
  • Miao Yu
  • Lizhong Zhu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1776–1787
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume57
Issue number4
Online published19 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2023

Abstract

The biotransformation behavior and toxicity of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in rice and rhizosphere micro biomes were comprehensively studied by hydroponic experiments. OPEs with lower hydrophobicity were liable to be translocated acropetally, and rhizosphere microbiome could reduce the uptake and translocation of OPEs in rice tissues. New metabolites were successfully identified in rice and rhizosphere microbiome, including hydrolysis, hydroxylated, methylated, and glutathione-, glucuronide-, and sulfate-conjugated products. Rhizobacteria and plants could cooperate to form a complex ecological interaction web for OPE elimination. Furthermore, active members of the rhizosphere microbiome during OPE degradation were revealed and the metagenomic analysis indicated that most of these active populations contained OPE-degrading genes. The results of metabolomics analyses for phytotoxicity assessment implied that several key function metabolic pathways of the rice plant were found perturbed by metabolites, such as diphenyl phosphate and monophenyl phosphate. In addition, the involved metabolism mechanisms, such as the carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism and synthesis, and nucleotide metabolism in Escherichia coli, were significantly altered after exposure to the products mixture of OPEs generated by rhizosphere microbiome. This work for the first time gives a comprehensive understanding of the entire metabolism of OPEs in plants and associated microbiome, and provides support for the ongoing risk assessment of emerging contaminants and, most critically, their transformation products.

Research Area(s)

  • organophosphorus flame retardants, rice, rhizosphere microbiome, transformation, risk assessment, TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE, FLAME RETARDANTS, DEGRADATION, PLANTS, ACID, GLUTATHIONE, GROWTH, GENE

Citation Format(s)

Biotransformation of Organophosphate Esters by Rice and Rhizosphere Microbiome: Multiple Metabolic Pathways, Mechanism, and Toxicity Assessment. / Yu, Yuanyuan; Yu, Xiaolong; Zhang, Dongqing et al.
In: Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 57, No. 4, 31.01.2023, p. 1776–1787.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review