Biomimetic growth of apatite on hydrogen-implanted silicon

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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  • Xuanyong Liu
  • Ricky K.Y. Fu
  • Ray W.Y. Poon
  • Peng Chen
  • Chuanxian Ding


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5575-5581
Journal / PublicationBiomaterials
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004


Hydrogen in silicon has been widely applied in semiconductor fields. In this paper, the application of hydrogen-implanted silicon wafer in biomedical fields was explored by investigating its bioactivity. Hydrogen implanted silicon wafers were prepared using plasma immersion ion implantation. The surface structures of the 1.4×1017cm-2 hydrogen-implanted silicon wafers were investigated using atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The hydrogen depth profiles were acquired by SIMS and the crystal quality of the as-implanted silicon was studied by channeling Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS). The bioactivity of the implanted silicon was evaluated using the biomimetic growth of apatite on its surface after it was soaked in simulated body fluid for a period of time. The TEM, SIMS and RBS results indicate the formation of an amorphous hydrogenated silicon (a-Si:Hx) layer has been formed on the surface of the hydrogen-implanted silicon wafer. After immersion in SBF for 14 days, bone-like apatite is observed to nucleate and grow on the surface. With longer soaking time, more apatite appeared on the surface of the hydrogen implanted silicon but our control experiments did not reveal any apatite formation on the surface of the un-implanted silicon wafer, hydrogenated crystalline silicon wafer (with hydrogen, but no amorphous surface), or argon-implanted silicon wafer (amorphous surface but without hydrogen). Our results indicated that the bioactivity of silicon wafer can be improved after hydrogen implantation and the formation of the amorphous hydrogenated silicon (a-Si:Hx) surface also plays a synergistic role to improve the bioactivity. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Apatite, Bioactivity, Hydrogen-implanted silicon, Plasma

Citation Format(s)

Biomimetic growth of apatite on hydrogen-implanted silicon. / Liu, Xuanyong; Fu, Ricky K.Y.; Poon, Ray W.Y.; Chen, Peng; Chu, Paul K.; Ding, Chuanxian.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 25, No. 25, 11.2004, p. 5575-5581.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal