Biomaterial Scaffolds Made of Chemically Cross-Linked Gelatin Microsphere Aggregates (C-GMSs) Promote Vascularized Bone Regeneration

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Peiyan Wang
  • Xinyue Meng
  • Runze Wang
  • Wei Yang
  • Lanting Yang
  • Jianxun Wang
  • Changjiang Fan

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number2102818
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume11
Issue number13
Online published20 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2022

Abstract

Various scaffolding systems have been attempted to facilitate vascularization in tissue engineering by optimizing biophysical properties (e.g., vascular-like structures, porous architectures, surface topographies) or loading biochemical factors (e.g., growth factors, hormones). However, vascularization during ossification remains an unmet challenge that hampers the repair of large bone defects. In this study, reconstructing vascularized bones in situ against critical-sized bone defects is endeavored using newly developed scaffolds made of chemically cross-linked gelatin microsphere aggregates (C-GMSs). The rationale of this design lies in the creation and optimization of cell–material interfaces to enhance focal adhesion, proliferation, and function of anchorage-dependent functional cells. In vitro trials are carried out by coculturing human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) and murine osteoblast precursor cells (MC3T3-E1) within C-GMS scaffolds, in which endothelialized bone-like constructs are yielded. Angiogenesis and osteogenesis induced by C-GMSs scaffold are further confirmed via subcutaneous-embedding trials in nude mice. In situ trials for the repair of critical-sized femoral defects are subsequently performed in rats. The acellular C-GMSs with interconnected macropores, exhibit the capability to recruit the endogenous cells (e.g., bone-forming cells, vascular forming cells, immunocytes) and then promote vascularized bone regeneration as well as integration with host bone.

Research Area(s)

  • aggregates, bone tissue engineering, gelatin, microspheres, scaffolds, vascularization

Citation Format(s)

Biomaterial Scaffolds Made of Chemically Cross-Linked Gelatin Microsphere Aggregates (C-GMSs) Promote Vascularized Bone Regeneration. / Wang, Peiyan; Meng, Xinyue; Wang, Runze; Yang, Wei; Yang, Lanting; Wang, Jianxun; Wang, Dong-An; Fan, Changjiang.

In: Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol. 11, No. 13, 2102818, 06.07.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review