Biohydrogen Production by Catalytic Supercritical Water Gasification : A Comparative Study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

12 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Mohammad Shahed Hasan Khan Tushar
  • Paul C. Dimaria
  • Sultan Majed Al-Salem
  • Animesh Dutta
  • Chunbao Charles Xu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15390-15401
Journal / PublicationACS Omega
Volume5
Issue number25
Online published18 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In this article, supercritical water gasification of biocrude at different conditions was performed and compared to each other. Three scenarios were considered while treating biocrude originating from cattle manure (CM) and corn husk (CH), namely, uncatalyzed feedstock, catalyzed with 10% Ni-0.08% Ru/Al2O3 and finally catalyzed with 10% Ni-0.08% Ru/Al2O3-ZrO2. It was found that 10% Ni-0.08% Ru/Al2O3-ZrO2 has performed significantly better than the other two scenarios over the 5 hour run time with a 193 and 187% higher hydrogen yield compared to the uncatalyzed and 10% Ni-0.08% Ru/Al2O3 catalyzed scenarios, respectively. Compared to CM gasification in the presence of a 10% Ni-0.08% Ru/Al2O3-ZrO2 catalyst, the catalyst got deactivated because of the high phenol and furan content in the corn husk biocrude, therefore hydrogen yield performance fell significantly. It was observed that the carbon gasification efficiency of the biocrude was independent of temperature. In terms of carbon conversion, the equilibrium conditions for the biocrude considered were attained at lower temperature. A mechanistic model based on the Eley-Rideal method was devised and tested against the obtained data. The dissociation of adsorbed oxygenated hydrocarbon is found to be the rate-determining step with an average absolute deviation of 3.55%. Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.

Citation Format(s)

Biohydrogen Production by Catalytic Supercritical Water Gasification: A Comparative Study. / Tushar, Mohammad Shahed Hasan Khan; Dimaria, Paul C.; Al-Salem, Sultan Majed et al.
In: ACS Omega, Vol. 5, No. 25, 30.06.2020, p. 15390-15401.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review