Bioassay-directed identification of organic toxicants in water and sediment of Tai Lake, China

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

17 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • John P. Giesy
  • Xiaowei Zhang
  • Si Wei
  • Hongxia Yu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-241
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume73
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2015

Abstract

The government of China has invested large amounts of money and manpower into revision of water quality standards (WQS). Priority organic pollutants have been screened for WQS establishment using the potential hazard index method, however, some unsuspected chemicals that could cause adverse effects might have been ignored. A large number of chemicals exist in environment and there might be interactions between or among chemicals especially those with the same mode of action. Therefore, a toxicity-directed analysis, based on acute toxicity to Daphnia magna, was conducted for organic extracts of water and sediment from Tai Lake (Ch: Taihu) to determine toxicants responsible for adverse effects. Extracts of five of twelve samples of water and all extracts of sediment were acutely toxic. Based on toxic units, water from location L1 in July and sediments from locations L1 and L4 during several months would be expected to result in some toxicity. Twenty one (21) organophosphorus pesticides, 25 organophosphorus pesticides and 10 pyrethroids were detected in samples, extracts of which caused toxicity to D. magna. Chlorpyrifos and cyfluthrin were identified as predominant pollutants in organic extracts of sediments, accounting for up to 71% and 57% of bioassay-derived toxicity equivalents (BEQs), respectively. Chlorpyrifos was identified as the major contributor to toxicity of organic extracts of surface water, accounting for 71% to 83 % of BEQs. The putative causative agents were confirmed by use of three lines of evidence, including statistical correlation, addition of key pollutants or synergists. Greater attention should be paid to chlorpyrifos and cyfluthrin, neither of which is currently on the list of priority pollutants in China. Bioassay-directed analysis should be added for screening for the presence of priority organic pollutants in environmental media.

Research Area(s)

  • Chlorpyrifos, Cyfluthrin, Organic extract, Predominant pollutants, Tai Lake, Toxicity-directed analysis

Citation Format(s)

Bioassay-directed identification of organic toxicants in water and sediment of Tai Lake, China. / Hu, Xinxin; Shi, Wei; Yu, Nanyang; Jiang, Xia; Wang, Shuhang; Giesy, John P.; Zhang, Xiaowei; Wei, Si; Yu, Hongxia.

In: Water Research, Vol. 73, 05.04.2015, p. 231-241.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review