BIOACCUMULATION-BASED SILVER NANOPARTICLE TOXICITY IN DAPHNIA MAGNA AND MATERNAL IMPACTS

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

12 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3359-3366
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Volume36
Issue number12
Online published19 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In the present study, we tested whether bioaccumulation in specific tissues of Daphnia magna could explain silver nanoparticle (AgNP) toxicity. Daphnids were exposed to different concentrations of well-suspended AgNPs and AgNO3. The accumulations of Ag in the whole body, gut, and nongut tissues, as well as the mortality of daphnids, were recorded over a period of 7 d. Regression analysis showed a higher degree of positive correlation between the concentration of Ag in the nongut tissues than gut tissues and the mortality of daphnids. The results strongly suggested that the toxicity of AgNPs could be better explained in terms of bioaccumulation of AgNPs in the nongut tissues. We further tested the maternal transfer of AgNPs in daphnids into the next generation using radioactive tracers, which were able to detect as low as 1.0 to 3.2% of total accumulated Ag transferred to the neonates. The AgNPs significantly affected the reproduction process during the first 2 broods after exposure, whereas AgNO3 only had significant effects on the first brood. It is possible that AgNPs have longer adverse effects than AgNO3 on the reproduction of Daphnia. The present study identified the sensitive site of AgNP toxic action in daphnids and documented the extent of maternal transfer and the significant influence of AgNPs on the reproduction of daphnids. Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;36:3359–3366. © 2017 SETAC.

Research Area(s)

  • Bioaccumulation, Daphnia, Maternal transfer, Silver nanoparticle, Toxicity