Biham - Middleton - Levine model in consideration of cooperative willingness

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Original languageEnglish
Article number58902
Journal / PublicationChinese Physics B
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2014


In this paper, the Biham - Middleton - Levine (BML) model with consideration of cooperative willingness has been proposed to study the traffic flow in urban networks. An evolutionary game with a cooperative willingness profile is introduced to deal with conflicts between disturbing neighbors. Simulation results suggest that imitating cooperative willingness can ease the effect of premature seizure on traffic flow due to the introduction of evolutionary games. Phase diagrams with a strategy profile and cooperative willingness profile have been investigated in detail. Our findings also prove that by imitating the more successful, cooperative willingness instead of simply the more successful strategies, the evolution of cooperation is significantly promoted, hence improving the order of cooperation and relieving the pressure of traffic networks. © 2014 Chinese Physical Society and IOP Publishing Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • cooperative willingness, evolutionary game, phase transition, traffic flow