Bifunctional interfacial engineering for piezo-phototronic enhanced photovoltaic performance of wearable perovskite solar cells

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number106127
Journal / PublicationNano Energy
Online published8 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


The piezo-phototronic effect can effectively modulate the energy band structure at the interface of p-n or metal-semiconductor junction, manipulating the separation, transport, and recombination of photoinduced charges. While zinc oxide (ZnO) is a good electron transporting layer (ETL), its Lewis's basic nature and presence of surface defects lead to deprotonation of perovskite, resulting in severe degradation of perovskite solar cells (PSC). Herein, the ZnO surface is converted to ZnS, which acts as a bifunctional interfacial layer, passivating the ZnO/perovskite interface by reducing the hydroxyl (‒OH) group on the ZnO surface for improved stability and forming strong coordination with Pb2+ of perovskite (Zn-S-Pb pathway) and thus adjusting the energy level for efficient electron transport. Consequently, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the flexible PSC is remarkably improved from 12.94% to 14.68% under static external strain of 1.5%, ascribed to the strain-induced piezo-polarization charges, which modulate the energy band structure of ZnS/ZnO and ZnS/perovskite interfaces. As a result, spatial separation of photoinduced carriers is facilitated, reducing recombination probability. The energy band diagram is proposed to elucidate the mechanism. This strategy enables effective utilization of the piezo-phototronic effect while enhancing device stability.

Research Area(s)

  • Bifunctional interlayer, Energy band alignment, Interface passivation, Piezo-phototronic effect