Bandwidth-guaranteed QoS routing of multiple parallel paths in CDMA/TDMA ad hoc wireless networks

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-816
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Communication Systems
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005


This paper investigates the issues of QoS routing in CDMA/TDMA ad hoc networks. Since the available bandwidth is very limited in ad hoc networks, a QoS request between two nodes will be blocked if there does not exist a path that can meet the QoS requirements, even though there is enough free bandwidth in the whole system. In this paper, we propose a new scheme of using multiple paths between two nodes as the route for a QoS call. The aggregate bandwidth of the multiple paths can meet the bandwidth requirement of the call and the delays of these paths are within the required bound of the call. We also propose three strategies by which to choose a set of paths as the route, namely, shortest path first (SPF), largest bandwidth first (LBF), and largest hop-bandwidth first (LHBF). Extensive simulations have been conducted to evaluate the performance of the three strategies in comparison with a traditional single path routing algorithm. The simulation results show that the proposed multiple paths routing scheme significantly reduces the system blocking rates in various network environments, especially when the network load is heavy. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Ad hoc networks, Call blocking, CDMA/TDMA, QoS call, QoS routing