Avian mycobacteriosis in captive brolgas (Antigone rubicunda)

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Journal / PublicationAustralian Veterinary Journal
Volume97
Issue number3
Online published17 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Abstract

Case series  Avian mycobacteriosis is a significant disease of a wide range of bird species worldwide. The most common causative agent, Mycobacterium avium, is reported to also infect a range of mammals, including humans. Of 11 brolgas (Antigone rubicunda) submitted to the University of Melbourne for postmortem examination over a 10-year period, 7 were diagnosed with mycobacteriosis. All were from a wildlife park and kept in permanent enclosures as part of a breeding program. Most of the brolgas with mycobacteriosis were in poor body condition and had widely disseminated granulomas throughout the body, especially within the liver, spleen and gastrointestinal tract. Respiratory tract involvement was common, with all disseminated cases having pulmonary or air sac granulomas. Rare to moderate numbers of acid-fast organisms were detected in granulomas by histological examination. Where examined by appropriate bacteriological examinations, M. avium complex was isolated from affected tissues. 

Conclusion  This case series is the first known report of mycobacteriosis in brolgas and highlights the pathological changes seen. The complications in maintaining an avian mycobacteriosis-free breeding program and in eradication of the disease from an enclosed wildlife environment are discussed.

Research Area(s)

  • avian tuberculosis, brolgas, Mycobacterium avium

Citation Format(s)

Avian mycobacteriosis in captive brolgas (Antigone rubicunda). / Hodge, P J; Sandy, J R; Noormohammadi, A H.

In: Australian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 97, No. 3, 03.2019, p. 81-86.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review