Automated transportation of microparticles in vivo

Research output: Chapters, Conference Papers, Creative and Literary Works (RGC: 12, 32, 41, 45)12_Chapter in an edited book (Author)peer-review

View graph of relations

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationControl Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications
EditorsAhmad Taher Azar
PublisherAcademic Press
Chapter10
Pages281-328
ISBN (Electronic)9780128174647
ISBN (Print)9780128174630
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2019

Abstract

For most biorobotics and biomechatronic researchers, the in vivo applications of biorobotics and biomechatronic have always been one of the most important research goals. The in vivo automated transportation of microparticles is one of the key technologies to achieve in vivo applications, such as drug delivery, cell delivery, thrombus elimination, and cell surgery. In this chapter, an in vivo microparticles transportation system and its related control algorithms are introduced. This system focuses on how to automatically transport the target microparticles to the destination in the dynamic in vivo environment and guarantees the success rate of transportation. First, a close-loop control scheme is established with visual feedback for in vivo transportation. The scheme utilizes image processing techniques, such as background segmentation, threshold segmentation, and Hough transform, and thus can identify microparticles location in complex in vivo environments. Second, based on the close-loop control scheme, a disturbance compensation controller is developed to minimize the influence of the drag force of blood flow. The disturbance compensation controller exhibits advantages in adjusting the trajectory of the cell transport online, trajectory correction, minimizing the steady-state error, and eliminating overshoot and thus can be applied to dynamic in vivo environments. Third, a collision-avoidance vector method is incorporated into the disturbance compensation controller to avoid obstacles during the in vivo transportation of microparticles. This method integrates obstacle detection and collision-avoidance determination into one single step, thereby reducing the online processing time while enhancing the efficiency in obstacle avoidance. Different collision avoidance strategies can be used by adjusting the operator to suit for different transportation environments. The performances of these methods are validated through simulations and experiments of tracking single red blood cells in living zebrafish.

Research Area(s)

  • Closed-loop control, Collision avoidance, Disturbance compensation, In vivo cell transportation, Optical tweezers, Zebrafish

Citation Format(s)

Automated transportation of microparticles in vivo. / Li, Xiaojian; Sun, Dong.

Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications. ed. / Ahmad Taher Azar. Academic Press, 2019. p. 281-328.

Research output: Chapters, Conference Papers, Creative and Literary Works (RGC: 12, 32, 41, 45)12_Chapter in an edited book (Author)peer-review