Auditing Shaked and Shanthikumar's 'excess wealth'

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Nozer D. Singpurwalla
  • Anna S. Gordon


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-19
Journal / PublicationAnnals of Operations Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


A notion called "excess wealth" was introduced by Shaked and Shanthikumar around 1998 (Probab. Eng. Inf. Sci. 12:1-23, 1998). Subsequent to this, much has been written on it, mostly by Shaked and his colleagues; see Sordo (Insur. Math. Econ. 45(3):466-469, 2009) for a recent review. These works have appeared in the literatures of reliability theory and stochastic orderings. Since the term excess wealth connotes a measure of income inequality-much like its dual, poverty-it should have had an impact in economics and the econometric literature. This, it appears is not the case, at least to the extent that it should be. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the above disconnect by looking at the notion of excess wealth more carefully, but keeping in mind the angle of economics and income. Our conclusion is that an alternative definition of excess wealth better encapsulates what one means by a colloquial use of the term.Our motivation for being attracted to this topic arises from two angles. The first is that the stochastics of diagnostic and threat detection tests, in which we have an interest, has a strong bearing on indices of concentration like the Lorenz Curve, the Gini index, and the entropy. Thus the notion of excess wealth, which conveys a sense of income concentration should also be relevant to diagnostics. The second motivation is to honor Moshe Shaked, a prolific researcher and a friend of the first author, by developing a paper based on an idea that is co-attributed to him. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Research Area(s)

  • Diagnostic tests, Economics, Income inequality, Lorenz Curve, Propensity, Reliability theory, Survival analysis

Citation Format(s)

Auditing Shaked and Shanthikumar's 'excess wealth'. / Singpurwalla, Nozer D.; Gordon, Anna S.

In: Annals of Operations Research, Vol. 212, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 3-19.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review