Associations of PM2.5 and black carbon with hospital emergency room visits during heavy haze events : A case study in Beijing, China

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Fengchao Liang
  • Lin Tian
  • Qun Guo
  • Dane Westerdahl
  • Yang Liu
  • And 3 others
  • Xiaobin Jin
  • Guoxing Li
  • Xiaochuan Pan

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number725
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume14
Issue number7
Online published5 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Link(s)

Abstract

In January 2013, severe haze events over northeastern China sparked substantial health concerns. This study explores the associations of fine particulate matter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and black carbon (BC) with hospital emergency room visits (ERVs) during a haze season in Beijing. During that period, daily counts of ERVs for respiratory, cardiovascular and ocular diseases were obtained from a Level-3A hospital in Beijing from 1 December 2012 to 28 February 2013, and associations of which with PM2.5 and BC were estimated by time-stratified case-crossover analysis in single- and two-pollutant models. We found a 27.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 13.0, 43.9%) increase in respiratory ERV (lag02), a 19.4% (95% CI: 2.5, 39.0%) increase in cardiovascular ERV (lag0), and a 12.6% (95% CI: 0.0, 26.7%) increase in ocular ERV (lag0) along with an interquartile range (IQR) increase in the PM2.5. An IQR increase of BC was associated with 27.6% (95% CI: 9.6, 48.6%) (lag02), 18.8% (95% CI: 1.4, 39.2%) (lag0) and 11.8% (95% CI: −1.4, 26.8%) (lag0) increases for changes in these same health outcomes respectively. Estimated associations were consistent after adjusting SO2 or NO2 in two-pollutant models. This study provides evidence that improving air quality and reducing haze days would greatly benefit the population health.

Research Area(s)

  • BC, Emergency room visits, Haze, PM2.5, Population health

Citation Format(s)

Associations of PM2.5 and black carbon with hospital emergency room visits during heavy haze events : A case study in Beijing, China. / Liang, Fengchao; Tian, Lin; Guo, Qun; Westerdahl, Dane; Liu, Yang; Jin, Xiaobin; Li, Guoxing; Pan, Xiaochuan.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 14, No. 7, 725, 07.2017.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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