Assessment of personal integrated exposure to fine particulate matter of urban residents in Hong Kong

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Chui Fong Lau
  • Viki Wai Ting Tong
  • Kiwi Kai Zhang
  • Dane Westerdahl
  • Simon Ng

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Volume60
Issue number1
Online published27 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Abstract

Metropolitan residents are concerned about their exposure to airborne pollutants. But establishing these exposures is challenging. A compact personal exposure kit (PEK) was developed to evaluate personal integrated exposure (PIE) from time-resolved data to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in five microenvironments, including office, home, commuting, other indoor activities (other than home and office), and outdoor activities experienced both on weekdays and weekends. The study was conducted in Hong Kong. The PEK measured PM2.5, reported location and several other factors, stored collected data, as well as reported the data back to the investigators using global system for mobile communication (GSM) telemetry. Generally, PM2.5 concentrations in office microenvironment were found to be the smallest (13.0 μg/m3), whereas the largest PM2.5 concentration microenvironments were experienced during outdoor activities (54.4 μg/m3). Participants spent more than 85% of their time indoors, including in offices, homes, and other public indoor venues. On average, 42% and 81% of the time were spent in homes, which contributed 52% and 79% of PIE (during weekdays and weekends, respectively), suggesting that improvement of air quality in homes may reduce overall exposures and indicating the need for actions to mitigate possible public health burdens in Hong Kong. This study also found that various indoor/outdoor microenvironments experienced by urban office workers cannot be accurately represented by general urban air quality data reported from the regulatory monitoring. Such personalized air quality information, especially while in transit or in offices and homes, may provide improved information on population exposures to air pollution.
     Implications: A newly developed personal exposure kit (PEK) was used to monitor PM2.5 exposure of metropolitan citizens in their daily life. Different microenvironments and time durations caused various personal integrated exposure (PIE). The stationary monitoring method for PIE was also compared and evaluated with PEK. Positive protection actions can be taken after understanding the major contribution to PM2.5 exposure.

Citation Format(s)

Assessment of personal integrated exposure to fine particulate matter of urban residents in Hong Kong. / Yang, Fenhuan; Lau, Chui Fong; Tong, Viki Wai Ting; Zhang, Kiwi Kai; Westerdahl, Dane; Ng, Simon; Ning, Zhi.

In: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, Vol. 60, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 47-57.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review