Assembling graphene aerogel hollow fibres for solar steam generation

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

9 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Guangyong Li
  • Dan Fang
  • Alexander Eychmüller
  • Xuetong Zhang
  • Wenhui Song

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number101302
Journal / PublicationComposites Communications
Volume35
Online published28 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Solar vapor generation, a cost-effective way to harvest solar energy for purifying polluted or saline water, has attracted great attention in recent years. However, during the harsh environment (e.g. high-salinity brine), challenges still remain in limited water evaporation, complicated/compromised systems between water transport, evapor area and salt accumulation. Herein, graphene aerogel hollow fibers (GAHF) are developed and assembled into a solar steam generator which demonstrates exceptionally high efficiency for water evaporation and salt rejection under sun irradiation. Inspired from the capillary water transportation system in trees, the mesophase-ordered GAHFs are spun from their liquid crystalline suspension, and subsequently assembled into a roll of unidirectionally aligned bundles and then embedded in a transparent polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix. The synergistic effects between GAHFs, serving as 1D-confining micro-channels for water transport and broadband solar absorbers, and PDMS matrix, as an light refractor and “canyons”-like evaporation area, improve the water flow and absorption of solar energy and maximize the evaporation surface area. As a result, the GAHF arrays expedite remarkable transpiration, achieving continuous steam generation (∼3.29 kg m−2 h−1) and outstanding salt-rejection performance for high-salinity brine (e.g. saturated solution) desalination. This GAHF based solar steam generation system provides a facile and high-performance device for self-generating seawater desalination. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Research Area(s)

  • Desalination, Graphene aerogel, Hollow fibre, Solar steam generator

Citation Format(s)

Assembling graphene aerogel hollow fibres for solar steam generation. / Li, Guangyong; Fang, Dan; Hong, Guo et al.
In: Composites Communications, Vol. 35, 101302, 11.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review