Arbitrary order exceptional point induced by photonic spin–orbit interaction in coupled resonators

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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  • Bo Hou
  • Weixin Lu
  • Yuntian Chen
  • Z. Q. Zhang
  • C. T. Chan

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Original languageEnglish
Article number832
Journal / PublicationNature Communications
Online published19 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019



Many novel properties of non-Hermitian systems are found at or near the exceptional points—branch points of complex energy surfaces at which eigenvalues and eigenvectors coalesce. In particular, higher-order exceptional points can result in optical structures that are ultrasensitive to external perturbations. Here we show that an arbitrary order exceptional point can be achieved in a simple system consisting of identical resonators placed near a waveguide. Unidirectional coupling between any two chiral dipolar states of the resonators mediated by the waveguide mode leads to the exceptional point, which is protected by the transverse spin–momentum locking of the guided wave and is independent of the positions of the resonators. Various analytic response functions of the resonators at the exceptional points are experimentally manifested in the microwave regime. The enhancement of sensitivity to external perturbations near the exceptional point is also numerically and analytically demonstrated.

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