Approximate Maximum-Likelihood RIS-Aided Positioning

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Publication statusOnline published - 18 Apr 2023


A reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) allows a reflection transmission path between a base station (BS) and user equipment (UE). In wireless localization, this reflection path aids in positioning accuracy, especially when the line-of-sight (LOS) path is subject to severe blockage and fading. In this paper, we develop a RIS-aided positioning framework to locate a UE in environments where the LOS path may or may not be available. We first estimate the RIS-aided channel parameters from the received signals at the UE. To infer the UE position and clock bias from the estimated channel parameters, we propose a fusion method consisting of weighted least squares over the estimates of the LOS and reflection paths. We show that this approximates the maximum likelihood estimator under the large-sample regime and when the estimates from different paths are independent. We then optimize the RIS phase shifts to improve the positioning accuracy and extend the proposed approach to the case with multiple BSs and UEs. We derive Cramér–Rao bound (CRB) and demonstrate numerically that our proposed positioning method approaches the CRB. © 2023 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Channel estimation, Clocks, Cramér-Rao bound, Estimation, MIMO communication, mmWave communications, positioning, Reconfigurable intelligent surface, Reflection, Three-dimensional displays, Wireless communication