Application of Expectancy Violations Theory to communication with and judgments about embodied agents during a decision-making task

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

27 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Judee K. Burgoon
  • Joseph A. Bonito
  • Paul Benjamin Lowry
  • Sean L. Humpherys
  • Gregory D. Moody
  • And 2 others
  • James E. Gaskin
  • Justin Scott Giboney

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-36
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Human-Computer Studies
Volume91
Online published26 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Abstract

Because users treat embodied agents (EAs) as social actors, users hold expectations about human-to-EA communication (HtEAC) similar to those in human-to-human communication. This study extends Expectancy Violations Theory (EVT) to examine how different forms of interfaces that confirm or violate user expectations affect the communication process, social judgments, ability to influence, and accuracy of recall associated with HtEAC. Positive violations of expectancy are acts or characteristics of the EA that are unexpected but evaluated favorably by the human partner. Results suggest that when the EA deviates from expectations, effects on the HtEAC process and related outcomes can be more pronounced. EAs evaluated as positive violations had more favorable effects on task attractiveness than other human or EA interaction partners. As predicted by EVT, EA interactions that were positively evaluated elicited more perceived connectedness, feelings of being understood/receptivity, and dependability than those EA interactions evaluated negatively. However, negative violations did not produce worse outcomes than negative confirmations. EVT offers a useful lens for examining the communication effects of HtEAC and points to benefits of creating EAs that evoke positive violations of expectancy.

Research Area(s)

  • Expectancy Violations Theory, Embodied agents, Human-to-embodied agent communication, Expectations, Social judgment, Decision making

Citation Format(s)

Application of Expectancy Violations Theory to communication with and judgments about embodied agents during a decision-making task. / Burgoon, Judee K.; Bonito, Joseph A.; Lowry, Paul Benjamin; Humpherys, Sean L.; Moody, Gregory D.; Gaskin, James E.; Giboney, Justin Scott.

In: International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, Vol. 91, 07.2016, p. 24-36.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review