Anti-triad legislations in Hong Kong : Issues, problems and development

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

12 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-94
Journal / PublicationTrends in Organized Crime
Volume16
Issue number1
Online published9 Dec 2012
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Abstract

One way to tackle triad societies is through effective legislation. The present article first describes and reviews the legislation dealing with triad activities in Hong Kong - The Societies Ordinance - and highlights the main issues and problems. Four issues are discussed, namely ambiguity in the definition of triad membership, doubtful neutrality of triad experts, outdated triad-related literature cited in the court, and the contradiction with human rights and freedom of expression. The article further examines the effect of the ordinance in suppressing triad activities and argues that the law is not very effective in penalizing senior triad members, thus justifying the need for a new legislation to contain the growth of triad activities and organized crime. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Research Area(s)

  • Chinese organized crime, Hong Kong, Regulation of triad, Triad society

Citation Format(s)

Anti-triad legislations in Hong Kong: Issues, problems and development. / Kwok, Sharon Ingrid; Lo, T.Wing.
In: Trends in Organized Crime, Vol. 16, No. 1, 03.2013, p. 74-94.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review