Analytical method for failure of anchor-grout-concrete anchorage due to concrete cone failure and interfacial debonding

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

12 Scopus Citations
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  • Zhimin Wu
  • Shutong Yang
  • Yufei Wu
  • Xiaozhi Hu


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-365
Journal / PublicationJournal of Structural Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009


Depending on the relevant material properties, failure of grouted anchor anchorage to concrete can result from pullout of concrete cones, debonding at either anchor-grout or grout-concrete interface, fracture of anchor, and combination of some of these failure modes. The intention of the present study is to present an analytical method for analyzing the concrete cone failure during the process of interfacial debonding by using deformation compatibility conditions at the anchor-grout and grout-concrete interfaces. The tensile stress in the anchor and interfacial stresses at the two interfaces are formulated at different loading stages. It is assumed that interfacial debonding modeled as an interfacial shear crack only appears at the anchor-grout interface and is initiated from the loaded end. The concrete cone and interfacial debonding failures are analyzed according to the sizes and material properties of the anchorage. Three different failure modes are considered, including concrete cone failure at the unloaded end without interfacial debonding, interfacial debonding plus concrete cone failure at the same height as the interfacial shear crack tip, and interfacial debonding plus concrete cone failure at the unloaded end. In each case, the load for the initiation of the concrete cone failure, and the cone angle are determined analytically. Subsequently, material and structural parameters are adopted to study their influences on the failure modes and calculated results. It is found that if the embedment length is relatively long, the concrete cone failure occurs within a local scope. If the concrete diameter is large enough, the failure mode is the interfacial debonding without concrete cone failure. The conclusions provide useful references for engineering practice such as designing grouted anchor anchorage to concrete in light of different needs and failure modes. © 2009 ASCE.

Research Area(s)

  • Anchorage, Bonding, Concrete, Failures, Grouting