Analytical approximations to primary resonance response of harmonically forced oscillators with strongly general nonlinearity

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-545
Journal / PublicationApplied Mathematical Modelling
Online published8 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


This paper presents an innovative analytical approximate method for constructing the primary resonance response of harmonically forced oscillators with strongly general nonlinearity. A linearization process is introduced prior to harmonic balancing (HB) of the nonlinear system and a linear system is derived by which the accurate analytical approximation procedure is easily and innovatively implemented. The main cutting edge of the proposed method is that complicated and coupled nonlinear algebraic equations obtained by the classical HB method is avoided. With only one iteration, very accurate analytical approximate primary resonance response can be determined, even for significantly nonlinear systems. Another advantage is the direct determination of the maximum oscillation amplitude. This is due to the appropriate form chosen for the approximation with no extra processing required. It is concluded that the result of an initial approximate solution from the two-term (constant plus the first harmonic term) harmonic balance is not reliable especially for strongly nonlinear systems and a correction to the initial approximation is necessary. The proposed method can be applied to general oscillators with mixed nonlinearities, such as the Helmholtz-Duffing oscillator. Two examples are presented to illustrate the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed technique.

Research Area(s)

  • Analytical approximation, General nonlinearity, Harmonic balance, Linearization, Primary resonance, Strong nonlinearity