Analytical and numerical studies of approximate phase velocity matching based nonlinear S0 mode Lamb waves for the detection of evenly distributed microstructural changes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

54 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number45023
Journal / PublicationSmart Materials and Structures
Volume25
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2016

Abstract

Most previous studies on nonlinear Lamb waves are conducted using mode pairs that satisfying strict phase velocity matching and non-zero power flux criteria. However, there are some limitations in existence. First, strict phase velocity matching is not existed in the whole frequency bandwidth; Second, excited center frequency is not always exactly equal to the true phase-velocity-matching frequency; Third, mode pairs are isolated and quite limited in number; Fourth, exciting a single desired primary mode is extremely difficult in practice and the received signal is quite difficult to process and interpret. And few attention has been paid to solving these shortcomings. In this paper, nonlinear S0 mode Lamb waves at low-frequency range satisfying approximate phase velocity matching is proposed for the purpose of overcoming these limitations. In analytical studies, the secondary amplitudes with the propagation distance considering the fundamental frequency, the maximum cumulative propagation distance (MCPD) with the fundamental frequency and the maximum linear cumulative propagation distance (MLCPD) using linear regression analysis are investigated. Based on analytical results, approximate phase velocity matching is quantitatively characterized as the relative phase velocity deviation less than a threshold value of 1%. Numerical studies are also conducted using tone burst as the excitation signal. The influences of center frequency and frequency bandwidth on the secondary amplitudes and MCPD are investigated. S1-S2 mode with the fundamental frequency at 1.8 MHz, the primary S0 mode at the center frequencies of 100 and 200 kHz are used respectively to calculate the ratios of nonlinear parameter of Al 6061-T6 to Al 7075-T651. The close agreement of the computed ratios to the actual value verifies the effectiveness of nonlinear S0 mode Lamb waves satisfying approximate phase velocity matching for characterizing the material nonlinearity. Moreover, the ratios derived from the primary and secondary horizontal displacements generated from nonlinear S0 mode Lamb waves are closest to the real value, which indicates that using horizontal displacements is more suitable for detecting evenly distributed microstructural changes in large thin plate-like structure. Successful application to evaluating material at different levels of evenly distributed fatigue damage is also numerically conducted.

Research Area(s)

  • approximate phase velocity matching, material nonlinearity, nonlinear Lamb waves, S0 mode, second harmonics

Citation Format(s)

Analytical and numerical studies of approximate phase velocity matching based nonlinear S0 mode Lamb waves for the detection of evenly distributed microstructural changes. / Wan, X.; Tse, P. W.; Xu, G. H.; Tao, T. F.; Zhang, Q.

In: Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 25, No. 4, 45023, 14.03.2016.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal