An overview of ammonia-based absorption chillers and heat pumps

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

58 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Wei Wu
  • Baolong Wang
  • Wenxing Shi
  • Xianting Li

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-707
Journal / PublicationRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume31
Early online date22 Jan 2014
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The use of ammonia-based working fluids for absorption prevails in a wide range of applications due to the low freezing temperature of the refrigerant and the absence of crystallization as well as the lack of problems under vacuum conditions. This paper presents a comprehensive overview on the use of ammonia-based absorption chillers and heat pumps. The thermodynamic and physical properties of pure ammonia and binary and ternary ammonia mixtures are presented in correlation formulas. Developments and applications in subfreezing refrigeration, heating/domestic hot water, renewable energy utilization, waste heat recovery, thermal energy storage and miniaturization of absorption systems are presented and summarized. In subfreezing refrigeration, the evaporation temperatures for single-stage absorption lie mainly between -30 ºC and -5 ºC, and they can reach as low as -70 ºC in advanced absorption systems. Air-source and ground-source absorption heat pumps are suggested for heating/domestic hot water applications in cold regions. For renewable energy uses, ammonia-based solar absorption applications with various working fluids are quite popular, whereas geothermal and biomass energy systems are less studied. In thermal energy storage, ammonia-based working fluids are not advantageous for storage capacity or cycle efficiency, but they prevail for subfreezing energy storage. Additionally, ammonia-based fluids are also attractive options for the miniaturization of absorption systems due to the absence of crystallization.

Research Area(s)

  • Absorption heat pump, Fluid properties, Subfreezing refrigeration, Heating, Renewable energy, Energy storage

Citation Format(s)

An overview of ammonia-based absorption chillers and heat pumps. / Wu, Wei; Wang, Baolong; Shi, Wenxing; Li, Xianting.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 31, 03.2014, p. 681-707.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review