An inverse approach for constructing the residual stress field induced by welding

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  • Y. P. Cao
  • N. Hu
  • J. Lu
  • H. Fukunaga
  • Z. H. Yao


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-359
Journal / PublicationJournal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes


In this paper, an inverse approach based on the inherent strain method has been proposed for constructing the residual stress field induced by welding. Firstly, some smooth basis functions in the form of polynomials have been employed to approximate inherent strains. To select the basis functions properly, previous valuable knowledge about distributions of residual stresses for some typical welding structures should be considered. Furthermore, singular modes in the assumed inherent strain that do not cause residual stresses should be excluded. In this way, a stable profile of the inherent strain field can be assumed. Secondly, by employing the finite element method (FEM) and the least-squares technique, the inherent strain field can be identified from the experimental data at some key points. The proper selection of positions of experimental points has also been considered. Finally, the distribution of residual stresses can be constructed efficiently by using the obtained inherent strain field. Compared with the traditional inherent strain method, in the present work the sensitivity matrix for predicting inherent strains can be evaluated more effectively and experimental data needed in the identification procedure can be reduced significantly. Some typical examples have been presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the present method.

Research Area(s)

  • Inherent strain, Inverse problem, Key-node method, Residual stress, Welding