An Instant Underwater Tissue Adhesive Composed of Catechin-Chondroitin Sulfate and Cholesterol-Polyethyleneimine

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations



Original languageEnglish
Article number2202814
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Publication statusOnline published - 27 Jan 2023


Due to the safety issue and poor underwater adhesion of current commercially available bioadhesives, they are hard to apply to in vivo physiological environments and more diverse medical use conditions. In this study, a novel and facile bioadhesive for underwater medical applications are designed based on the coacervation of electrostatic interactions and hydrophobic interactions, with the introduction of catechin as a provider of catechol moieties for adhesion to surrounding tissues. The orange-colored bio-adhesive, named PcC, is generated within seconds by mixing catechin-modified chondroitin sulfate and cholesterol chloroformate-modified polyethyleneimine with agitation. In vitro mechanical measurements prove that this novel PcC bio-adhesive is superior in underwater adhesion performance when applied to cartilage. Animal experiments in a rat mastectomy model and rat cartilage graft implantation model demonstrate its potential for diverse medical purposes, such as closing surgical incisions, reducing the formation of seroma, and tissue adhesive applied in orthopedic or cartilage surgery.