An Index-Based Management Scheme with Adaptive Caching for Huge-Scale Low-Cost Embedded Flash Storages

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number56
Journal / PublicationACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


Due to its remarkable access performance, shock resistance, and costs, NAND flash memory is now widely adopted in a variety of computing environments, especially in mobile devices such as smart phones, media players and electronic book readers. For the consideration of costs, low-cost embedded flash storages such as flash memory cards are often employed on such devices. Different from solid-state disks, the RAM buffer equipped on low-cost embedded flash storages are very small, for example, limited under several dozens of kilobytes, despite of the rapidly growing capacity of the storages. The significance of effectively utilizing the very limited on-device RAM buffers of embedded flash storages is therefore highlighted, and a novel design of scalable flash management schemes is needed to tackle the new access constraints of MLC NAND flash memory. In this work, a highly scalable design of the flash translation layer is presented with the considerations of the on-device RAM size, user access patterns, address-mapping-information caching and MLC access constraints. Through a series of experiments, it is verified that, with appropriate settings of cache sizes, the proposed management scheme provides comparable performance results to prior arts with much lower requirements on the on-device RAM. In other words, the proposed scheme suggests a strategy to make better use of the on-device RAM, and is suitable for embedded flash storages.

Research Area(s)

  • Flash memory, Performance, Scalability, Storage