Photoacoustic agents have been of vital importance for improving the imaging contrast and reliability against self-interference from endogenous substances. Herein, we synthesized a series of thiadiazoloquinoxaline (TQ)-based semiconducting polymers (SPs) with a broad absorption covering from NIR-I to NIR-II regions. Among them, the excited s-BDT-TQE, a repeating unit of SPs, shows a large dihedral angle and narrow adiabatic energy as well as low radiative decay, attributing to its strongly electron-deficient ester-substituted TQ-segment. In addition, its more vigorous molecular motions trigger a higher reorganization energy that further yields an efficient photoinduced nonradiative decay, which has been carefully examined and understood by theoretical calculation. Thus, BDT-TQE SP-cored nanoparticles with twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) feature exhibit a high NIR-II photothermal conversion efficiency (61.6 %) and preferable PA tracking of in situ hepatic tumor growth for more than 20 days. This study highlights a unique strategy for constructing efficient NIR-II photoacoustic agents via TICT-enhanced PNRD effect, advancing their applications for in vivo bioimaging.