An Ensemble Rate Adaptation Framework for Dynamic Adaptive Streaming Over HTTP

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
Online published9 Dec 2019
Publication statusOnline published - 9 Dec 2019

Abstract

Rate adaptation is one of the most important issues in dynamic adaptive streaming over HTTP (DASH). Due to the frequent fluctuations of the network bandwidth and complex variations of video content, it is difficult to deal with the varying network conditions and video content perfectly by using a single rate adaptation method. In this paper, we propose an ensemble rate adaptation framework for DASH, which aims to leverage the advantages of multiple methods involved in the framework to improve the quality of experience (QoE) of users. The proposed framework is simple yet very effective. Specifically, the proposed framework is composed of two modules, i.e., the method pool and method controller. In the method pool, several rate adaptation methods are integrated. At each decision time, only the method that can achieve the best QoE is chosen to determine the bitrate of the requested video segment. Besides, we also propose two strategies for switching methods, i.e., InstAnt Method Switching, and InterMittent Method Switching, for the method controller to determine which method can provide the best QoEs. Simulation results demonstrate that, the proposed framework always achieves the highest QoE for the change of channel environment and video complexity, compared with state-of-the-art rate adaptation methods.