An engineered lymph node comprising porous collagen scaffold with hybridized biological signals embedded in B cell membrane coatings

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Original languageEnglish
Article number122420
Journal / PublicationBiomaterials
Online published30 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


Complications can arise from damaging or removing lymph nodes after surgeries for malignant tumours. Our team has developed an innovative solution to recreate lymph nodes via an engineering approach. Using a Type II collagen scaffold coated with B cell membranes for the sake of attracting T cells in different regions, we could mimic the thymus-dependent and thymus-independent areas in vitro. This engineering strategy based on biophysical mimicry has a great potential for clinical applications. By further conjugating biological signals, anti-CD3/28, onto the scaffold coated with the B cell membrane, we achieved an 11.6-fold expansion of T cells within 14 days of in vitro culture while ensuring their activity, phenotype homeostasis, and differentiation capacity kept intact. Artificial lymph nodes had excellent biocompatibility and caused no pathological or physiological adverse effects after implantation into C57BL6 mice. In vivo assays also demonstrated that this artificial lymph node system positively adhered to omental tissues, creating an environment that fostered T cell growth and prevented cellular failure and death. Additionally, it induced vascular and lymphatic vessel invasion, which was beneficial to the migration and circulation of T cells between this system and peripheral blood. Due to the porous collagen fibre structure, it also facilitated the infiltration of host immune cells. This work opens new avenues to immune organ regeneration via a tissue engineering approach. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Anti-CD3/28, Artificial lymph nodes, B cell membrane, Collagen scaffold, Polyclonal expansion, T cells

Citation Format(s)