Amplitude-Modulated Leaky-Wave Antennas

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
Online published23 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


Borrowing the idea of amplitude modulation (AM) from classical communications theory, this paper proposes and demonstrates a new concept of AM leaky-wave antennas. In the proposed concept, the traveling wave in a wave-guiding structure serves as the carrier wave whose amplitude is spatially modulated by a predefined modulating waveform to generate the desired modulated waves. Two analysis methods are subsequently developed to analyze the amplitude modulation effects. It is demonstrated that spatial amplitude modulation corresponds to shifting the spatial spectrum of the modulating wave up to the carrier spatial frequency. Therefore, one can judiciously design the modulating waveform to control the spatial frequency spectrum of the modulated waves. For those spatial frequencies fall within the radiation region are fast waves, which can radiate into free space. In this manner, the AM structure works as a leaky-wave antenna. To justify the proposed concept, two AM leaky-wave antennas based on corrugated transmission line are designed. The first one is a sinusoidally moduated AM leaky-wave antenna for high-gain application. The second is a beam-forming AM leaky-wave antenna, whose modulating waveform is synthesized to generate flat-top radiation pattern. Both simulated and measured results are given to demonstrate the concept, theory and design of the AM leaky-wave antennas.

Research Area(s)

  • Amplitude modulation (AM), beam-forming, corrugated transmission line, leaky-wave antenna, traveling wave