Air pollution inequality and health inequality in China : An empirical study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Mohaddeseh Azimi
  • Feng Feng
  • Chongyang Zhou

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11962–11974
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume26
Issue number12
Online published1 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

China’s residents experience unequal exposure to air pollution in different regions, and the corresponding health consequences have increased remarkably. To ensure sustainable development, China should monitor health inequality and its potential determinants. This study empirically examines the health inequalities (represented by perinatal and tuberculosis mortalities) caused by air pollution inequalities (represented by SO2 and NOx emissions) from 31 Chinese provinces in the period 2006 to 2015, using the generalized method of moments (GMM) and quantile regression (QR). The GMM results reveal a strong positive relationship between SO2/NOx emission inequality and tuberculosis mortality inequality. In contrast, the QR results show that perinatal mortality inequality is closely related to emission inequality across all percentiles for SO2 emission and at the 75th percentile for NOx emission. Our findings help policymakers to identify health disparities and be mindful of air pollution inequality as a factor in the elimination of health inequality.

Research Area(s)

  • Air pollution inequality, China panel data, GMM technique, Health inequality, Quantile regression, Theil index

Citation Format(s)

Air pollution inequality and health inequality in China : An empirical study. / Azimi, Mohaddeseh; Feng, Feng; Zhou, Chongyang.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research , Vol. 26, No. 12, 04.2019, p. 11962–11974 .

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review