Aging Influences on the Biokinetics of Functional TiO2 Nanoparticles with Different Surface Chemistries in Daphnia magna

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14 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7901-7909
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number14
Online published19 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


Nanoparticles functionalized with various surface capping moieties are now widely used in different fields, thus there is a major need to understand the behavior and fate of these nanoparticles in the environment. The present study investigated the biokinetics of fresh titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) or TiO2 NPs aged under artificial sunlight (16 h light: 8 h dark) for 1, 3, and 5 days, respectively. Two commercial functionalized TiO2 NPs (with SiO2 coating or SiO2 and polydimethylsiloxane coating) were employed in this study. Dynamic light scattering (DLS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and contact angle (CA) measurements demonstrated that the surface properties had changed due to the degradation during aging. The biokinetic parameters including dissolved uptake and depuration rate constant as well as bioconcentration factors were calculated by a biokinetic model. All the biokinetic parameters were significantly dependent on the aging process. Further data analysis showed that the CA of the TiO2 NPs affected the uptake rate constant and the fast compartmental efflux, and both CA and hydrodynamic diameter affected the fast compartmental efflux. These results were due to the changes of corresponding indexes during the aging process. Our work highlighted the necessity of monitoring the physicochemical indexes of functionalized NPs during aging in evaluation of their environmental risks.

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