Age and the cost of being Uyghurs in Ürümchi

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-434
Journal / PublicationChina Quarterly
Issue number210
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


This article asks: is the cost of being Uyghurs higher for young Uyghurs than for old Uyghurs in Ürümchi? I address this question with data from a survey of 2,947 people conducted in Ürümchi in 2005. The cost of being Uyghurs refers to the extent of economic inequality in the earnings of Han Chinese and Uyghurs. I develop three hypotheses on the effect of age on earnings differentials between Han Chinese and Uyghurs. Data analyses show that although young Uyghurs are better educated and earn more than old Uyghurs, they are more likely than old Uyghurs to suffer from being Uyghurs in Ürümchi. This finding has policy implications for the reduction of ethnic disparity in Xinjiang. © 2012 The China Quarterly.

Research Area(s)

  • ethnicity, inequality, inter-group relations, Muslims, Uyghurs

Citation Format(s)