Aerosol thermodynamics of potassium salts, double salts, and water content near the eutectic

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3717-3728
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume42
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Water uptake by hygroscopic constituents of atmospheric particles has implications for climate and health. This article focuses on three topics related to calculating particle water uptake. First, an electrodynamic balance (EDB) is used to measure water activity for supersaturated binary KNO3 and KCl solutions. The EDB measurements for KNO3 confirm earlier predictions, while those for KCl confirm earlier measurements. Second, our earlier theory for the variation in mutual deliquescence relative humidity (MDRH) with temperature (T) is extended to double salt systems. The MDRH(T) equation for double salt systems reduces to the earlier equation under some conditions, and predictions for two systems are in reasonable agreement with solubility-based calculations. Finally, an approximate treatment of water uptake in the MDRH region (i.e., near the eutectic) is evaluated, and a new approach is developed that accounts for particle composition. The new approach represents predictions of a benchmark model well and eliminates most of the error associated with the earlier method. Although simple treatments of water uptake near the eutectic may introduce error into equilibrium calculations, their use can sometimes be justified based on inherent limitations of aerosol representations in chemistry-transport models. Results of this study can be used to improve calculations of water content in atmospheric aerosol models. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Deliquescence, Eutonic, Hydrate, Potassium, Supersaturated

Citation Format(s)

Aerosol thermodynamics of potassium salts, double salts, and water content near the eutectic. / Kelly, James T.; Wexler, Anthony S.; Chan, Chak K.; Chan, Man N.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 42, No. 16, 05.2008, p. 3717-3728.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review