Advancements in technology and innovation for sustainable agriculture : Understanding and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Muhammad Qayyum
  • Yanping Zhang
  • Mansi Wang
  • Shijie Li
  • Wasim Ahmad
  • Saleh N. Maodaa
  • Shaban R.M. Sayed
  • Jiawei Gan

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number119147
Journal / PublicationJournal of Environmental Management
Volume347
Online published28 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Abstract

In recent decades, Technology and Innovation (TI) have shown tremendous potential for improving agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability. However, the adoption and implementation of TI in the agricultural sector and its impact on the environment remain limited. To gain deeper insights into the significance of TI in enhancing agricultural productivity while maintaining environmental balance, this study investigates 21 agriculture-dependent Asian countries. Two machine learning techniques, LASSO (Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator) and Elastic-Net, are employed to analyze the data, which is categorized into three regional groups: ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation), and GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council). The findings of this study highlight the heterogeneous nature of technology adoption and its environmental implications across the three country groups. ASEAN countries emerge as proactive adopters of relevant technologies, effectively enhancing agricultural production while simultaneously upholding environmental quality. Conversely, SAARC countries exhibit weaker technology adoption, leading to significant fluctuations in environmental quality, which in turn impact agricultural productivity. Notably, agricultural emissions of N2O (nitrous oxide) and CO2 (carbon dioxide) in SAARC countries show a positive association with agricultural production, while CH4 (methane) emissions have an adverse effect. In contrast, the study reveals a lack of evidence regarding technological adoption in agriculture among GCC countries. Surprisingly, higher agricultural productivity in these countries is correlated with increased N2O emissions. Moreover, the results indicate that deforestation and expansion of cropland contribute to increased agricultural production; however, this expansion is accompanied by higher emissions related to agricultural activities. This research represents a pioneering empirical analysis of the impact of TI and environmental emission gases on agricultural productivity in the three aforementioned country groups. It underscores the imperative of embracing relevant technologies to enhance agricultural output while concurrently ensuring environmental sustainability. The findings of this study provide valuable insights for policymakers and stakeholders in formulating strategies to promote sustainable agriculture and technological advancement in the context of diverse regional dynamics. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Agricultural productivity, Asian countries, Emission gases, Environmental sustainability, Machine learning, Technology and innovation

Citation Format(s)

Advancements in technology and innovation for sustainable agriculture: Understanding and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils. / Qayyum, Muhammad; Zhang, Yanping; Wang, Mansi et al.
In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 347, 119147, 01.12.2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review