Advancement of solar desiccant cooling system for building use in subtropical Hong Kong

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2386-2399
Journal / PublicationEnergy and Buildings
Volume42
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Abstract

The solar desiccant cooling system (SDCS) had a saving potential of the year-round primary energy consumption as compared to the conventional air-conditioning system for full fresh air application in the subtropical Hong Kong. In order to further enhance its energy efficiency, advancement of the basic SDCS was carried out through a strategy of hybrid design. Six hybrid system alternatives of SDCS were therefore proposed, three for full fresh air design while another three for return air design for the building zone. Year-round performance evaluation of each solar hybrid desiccant cooling system was conducted for typical office application under different climatic and loading conditions. All the six hybrid system alternatives were found technically feasible, with up to 35.2% saving of year-round primary energy consumption against the conventional air-conditioning systems. Among the hybrid alternatives, recommendations were made on the SDCS hybridized with vapour compression refrigeration for full fresh air design; and the SDCS hybridized with vapour absorption refrigeration for return air design, since they had the saving potentials of both primary energy and initial cost. These two hybrid system alternatives used evacuated tubes, a more economical type of solar collectors compared to the PV or PVT panels. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Research Area(s)

  • Absorption refrigeration, Desiccant cooling, Evacuated tubes, Photovoltaic panels, Photovoltaic/thermal panels, Solar air-conditioning